Friday, May 22, 2020

Leadership Stress Affecting Ethical Decision Making

Ethical Decision Making in Organizations: The Role of Leadership Stress Summary of Journal This journal tested the effects of leadership stress towards ethical decision making in organizations. This research assessed on the identification of ethical problems and ethical behaviours. Two hypotheses have been developed in this research and were tested through the use of survey and participants are from 3 sites of Swedish multinational civil engineering company. The survey can be divided into four parts, which measured the recognition of ethical problems, perceived undesired stressful conditions, effects of stress, and some personal data. The study suggested that stressful situations would impair leader’s ability to recognize ethical†¦show more content†¦A survey was given among engineers who are decision makers of a large multinational Swedish civil engineer company from three different sites. 19 out of 38 participants in Study 1 were scattered unsystematically to the research. Study 1 consisted of eight questions related to stress outcomes and Study 2 measured the ethical behaviour of leaders. Participants in study 1 consisted of nine female and twenty seven male leaders while ten female and twenty nine male leaders involved in Study 2. Most of the leaders in both studies were in age group of 20 to 40 but none of them are 61 years old and above. Moreover, majority of leaders in Study 1 are high school leaver whereas leaders in Study 2 are mostly university educated. The survey can be divided into four parts, which measured the recognition of ethical problems, perceived undesired stressful conditions, effects of stress, and some personal data. Questions are designed for different part of measurement and a rating scale from 1 to 5 is applied. Situational questions were conducted to measure in what degree participants experienced stressful situations in their work environment. It was then followed by questions on positive or negative feeling of stress by the participants. Mean, Standard Deviation, Pearson Correlation and Multiple RegressionShow MoreRelatedEssay on The Influence of Ethics on Decision Making787 Words   |  4 PagesThe Influence of Ethics on Decision Making Ethics can have a big influence on decision-making in the workplace. Ethical behavior in the workplace is behavior that is accepted as morally right, rather than wrong. (Organizational Behavior). Unethical behavior can be considered illegal, or merely against the norms of society. Employees encounter ethical decisions every day in the workplace, whether they realize it or not. The stock boy must make a decision on whether it is right to steal merchandiseRead MoreOrganizational Behavior Trends1619 Words   |  7 PagesBehavior Trends Outline: 1. Definition of OB and related terminologies. 2. Role of decision making in OB environments. 3. Conflicts involved in decision making processes in organizations. 4. Rifts between managerial level staff and operations level workforce. 5. Stakeholders in decision making in a corporate hierarchy. 6. Self-inflicted ethical dilemmas and differences, causes for it. 7. Values and goals affecting causing ethical dilemmas in OB 8. Globalization and its strategic alliances. 9. Impact of technologicalRead More Organizational Behavior Trends Essay1565 Words   |  7 Pages  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Definition of OB and related terminologies. 2.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Role of decision making in OB environments. 3.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Conflicts involved in decision making processes in organizations. 4.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Rifts between managerial level staff and operations level workforce. 5.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Stakeholders in decision making in a corporate hierarchy. 6.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Self-inflicted ethical dilemmas and differences, causes for it. 7.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Values and goals affecting causing ethical dilemmas in OB 8.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Globalization and its strategic alliancesRead MoreApplication Of Leadership Theory Paper1606 Words   |  7 PagesApplication of Leadership Theory Paper Ethical Leadership in the workplace has a tremendous impact and influence on people who are following the leader. Therefore, ethical leadership is the ability, to consistently examine oneself in terms of values, behaviors, and conduct in leading people, within an organization. It is important to note, that ethical leadership has the ability to influence other people, attitudes and a leader also has the ability, to transform people, in unique ways, by settingRead MoreThe Face Of Adversity And Diversity772 Words   |  4 Pagesenhance future leadership skills, capabilities, and overall endeavors. Although terms like leadership, ethics, and change are extremely illusive, conflict resolution pertains to overcoming barriers. There was a diverse array of topics discussed throughout the reading materials and many topics are especially applicable to the current working environment. A particularly influential subject matter comprised of viewing conflicts as opportunities capable of positively affecting change. WhileRead MoreClinical Human Factors That Affect The Individual s Act Physically And Psychology Within Different Settings998 Words   |  4 Pagesinteractions between 3 aspects; individuals at work, the task at hand and the workplace. Knowledge of each factors reduces the risk of injury within the workplace. The factors which have the ability to entice other factors for better or worse are: leadership, stress, fatigue, work environment, safety culture, communications and teamwork. Within the healthcare profession human factors can show how to make sure safe prescribing practises are used, how to communicate well in teams and hand over informationRead MoreDevelopment Of Professional Nursing For Registered Nurses1626 Words   |  7 PagesProfessional Nursing for Registered Nurses is a five week course dedicated to the research, examination and supposition of our journey in obtaining a Baccalaureate in Nursing; â€Å"Baccalaureate programs emphasize evidence-based clinical practice and leadership through coursework that includes research, statistics, population-based care, nursing management, and the humanities† (Haverkamp, Ball, 2013). Through interactive discussion posts and essay assignments involving nursing theories, concepts, ethicsRead MoreOrganizational Culture Assesment1717 Words   |  7 Pagesautonomy, involvement, growth, and justice. This would include tools and techniques such as teaching compassion and mindfulness that would help organizations be more effective, productive, and have higher performance when organizations address the stress upon the human capital (Cooper, 2000). The research will evaluate the culture of the organization described in the case study for Capital Veterinarian Clinic. The reader will discover the components of a healthy organizational culture and the relationshipRead MoreA Report On The Hospital1413 Words   |  6 Pagescrucial step in the process includes senior leadership will explain specific efforts of the organization to reach their long term target goals. Effective communication can provide an impact to all employees. First, it will get a buy-in from employees that agree or it will spark discussion/argument for those that don’t agree. Either way, administration will have multiple opinions to make an informed decision along with staff empowerment in the decision making process. Lastly, it is important to addressRead MoreTrans Between Trans And Trans Students1585 Words   |  7 PagesPresident Trump disagrees with former President Obama’s ruling, and has decided to recede the law, leaving the decisions to be made by the state the student is currently living. By revoking the Obama Administration’s ruling on the matter, of bathroom access, President Trump is causing more harm to those 150,000 students than good. Ethics Involved. Ethics play an important role in leadership, they allow for service organizations to work towards the common good. (Manning, 2003). What is a social good

Sunday, May 10, 2020

The French Revolution And The Egyptian Revolution

There are many ideals of the enlightenment that influenced greatly the French Revolution (1789-1815) as well as the Egyptian Revolution (2011-Present).Some philosophes that created and supported these ideas were John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Voltaire. Ideas supported by these philosophes were the rights to life, liberty, and property, the freedoms of speech and religion and equality. Many causes of the French Revolution are similar to Egyptian Revolution. Some causes of the French Revolution were France’s Old Regime, in which an absolute monarch ruled over France and there were 1st, 2nd, and 3rd estates. Within this Old Regime there was extreme inequality and a major wealth gap, the 1st and 2nd estates had to pay virtually no taxes meanwhile every peasant had to pay along with taxes a tithe of 10 percent of his or her income. Other inequalities were the 3rd estate, which made up 97 percent of the population, was entitled to just 1 of three votes within the estates general; also only the 2nd estate, which made up less than 2 percent of the population, was allowed to participate directly in government; finally the 1st estate, which made up less than one percent of France’s population, owned 10 percent of all the land in France. Other causes of the revolution was an extraordinary famine in 1788 with the worst winter in 80 years, astounding debt, with half of all taxes going to the debt, there was also great direct influence of philosophes and the enlightenment, asShow MoreRelatedThe Colonial Revolution Vs The Egyptian Revolution1448 Words   |  6 PagesApril 2016 The Colonial Revolution vs The Egyptian Revolution ? A Lesson in Stark Contrast Two revolutions, 250 years apart, were both started for noble causes in an effort to right human wrongs. The results of these two revolts that appear in the History books will be sadly different. Economically and politically, the causes that resulted in the Colonial Revolution and the Egyptian Revolution appear to be similar; however, further study reveals that the Egyptian Revolution stands in stark and dreadfulRead MoreThe Colonial Revolution Vs The Egyptian Revolution1448 Words   |  6 PagesApril 2016 The Colonial Revolution vs The Egyptian Revolution ? A Lesson in Stark Contrast Two revolutions, 250 years apart, were both started for noble causes in an effort to right human wrongs. The results of these two revolts that appear in the History books will be sadly different. Economically and politically, the causes that resulted in the Colonial Revolution and the Egyptian Revolution appear to be similar; however, further study reveals that the Egyptian Revolution stands in stark and dreadfulRead MoreEgyptian Revolution of 19191196 Words   |  5 PagesThe Egyptian Revolution of 1919 was a countrywide non-violent revolution against the British occupation of Egypt. It was carried out by Egyptians from different walks of life in the wake of the British-ordered exile of revolutionary leader Saad Zaghlul and other members of the Wafd Party in 1919. The event led to Egyptian independence in 1922 and the implementation of a new constitution in 1923 The event is considered to be one of the earliest successful implementations of non-violent civil disobedienceRead MoreAfter researching informational texts on modern and historical revolutions, write an essay that800 Words   |  4 PagesAfter researching informational texts on modern and historical revolutions, write an essay that compares a modern revolution to the French revolution and argues the significance of each. Mikayla Hammers World Studies Revolutions essay March 11, 2014 The French revolution and the Arab Spring revolution are comparable and both play significant roles. Many aspects of the revolutions from the causes to aftermath in the Middle East can resemble those that happened in France. All of which plays significantRead MoreThe Between Islam And The Middle East1734 Words   |  7 PagesThere were a couple of movements from the Egyptian to take their freedom and decolonise but they haven’t get their independent until 1952. However this wasn’t a complete independent as in many parts Egypt was linked economically with the Great Britain. The Suez Canal crises occurred because the British refused to give it back to Egyptian allege that they don’t have the enough technology or experience to operate the channel. But Jamal Abdul Nasser, the Egyptian president back then decided to take itRead MoreEgypt before Imperialism886 Words   |  4 Pages While there is divergence in relation to Early Egyptian times, it is said that Egypt came to be around 3200 B.C., during the reign of a king by the name of Menes and unified the northern and southern cities of Egypt into one government. In 1675 B.C., Egypt was invaded by the Hyksos, people from the east, bringing along the very first of chariots and horses ever to come across Egyptian soil. Approximately 175 years later in 1500 B.C., the Egyptians had gotten rid of the Hyksos and driven them outRead MoreThe French Revolution : A Period Of Social And Political Turmoil1064 Words   |  5 PagesScharfeld Period 11 28 August 2015 The French Revolution The French Revolution was a period of social and political turmoil in the late 1700s that caused thousands of deaths in France. Important political leaders, such as Philippe Égalità ©, Marie Antoinette, Madame Roland, and even King Louis XVI, and his son, Louis XVII, were killed during the Reign of Terror from 1793-1794 . The revolution looked like it was a failure after Napoleon took power in 1815, but later in French history a second republic was establishedRead MorePrincess Nazly Mostafa Bahgat Fadel 1551 Words   |  6 Pagesgranddaughter of Mohamed Ali Pasha, the founder of the Egyptian monarchy, and one of the most important figures of the family. Born in the late 19th Century, Fadel grew up between Europe and modern-day Turkey where she was able to get an education that combines western modernity and eastern traditions. In 1877, her husband Khalil Pasha Sherif was appointed as the Ottoman Ambassador to France. During this time, Nazly Fadel began to interact with the Fre nch elite society by reading as well as reaching outRead MoreThe Battle Of Civilizations By Samuel P. Huntington1302 Words   |  6 Pagesgrouping and simplicity of the two groups used in Huntington’s article. The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2006 led many to believe that it was the start of clash of civilizations, which Said argued as one not seeing the whole picture. The Egyptian revolution, of thousands pouring onto Cairo’s Tahrir Square demanding the self-determination they were denied, shows that the clash of civilization was a myth. The world is filled with clashes and significant conflicts, through the perspective of Huntington’sRead MoreNapoleon timeline Essay1026 Words   |  5 PagesFrench Revolution and Napoleonic Era Worksheet HIS/114 Version 3 1 University of Phoenix Material French Revolution and Napoleonic Era Worksheet 1. Essay Explain, in 1,050 to 1,400 words, how the following ideas and ideals influenced the events and motivated the participants in the French Revolution: †¢ Liberty †¢ Equality †¢ Brotherhood †¢ Hubris †¢ Fiscal irresponsibility †¢ Democracy †¢ Technology †¢ The French Revolution took place between 1789-1799. This war helped

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Knight Templar Free Essays

string(126) " three vows of perpetual in addition to the crusaders’ vows , the rules of the church and the   rules of the dormitory\." The Knights Templar is an organization founded in the year 1112 A.D. within the Christian community with a sole aim of protecting the Christians who were visiting   the Holy Jerusalem through Palestine, a land dominated by the Muslims. We will write a custom essay sample on Knight Templar or any similar topic only for you Order Now They were protecting the Christians from the attack of the Muslims. They were so courageous and fierce in battles, and had vowed on obedience,chastity and poverty(Knight Templar Website,2008).Notably, they also engaged themselves in other activities including banking, building,farming,engineering and they were monks(Templar UK Website). They were also known to as the Poor Knights of Christ, which was a kind of a symbolic name. Even though they engaged in other activities like banking, the core activity was in warfare. The activity of banking just arose due to the trust that the crusaders had in the Knights Templar members ,leaving them with valuable items on which they took custody of them at fee. The Templars were considered to the best trained and disciplines war men of the time and they were directly responsible to the Pope, who was the leader of the Catholic Church. It believed that It is this Knights Templar that laid a foundation for the   development of the modern army systems and operations. On their seal, its was a picture of one horse boarded by two Knights which was symbolic in showing how poor they were. On the start of Knights Templar Organization, its quickly grew becoming politically influential in the international politics, in the sense that it took control of the areas that it hard influence to an extend that is used to collect taxes and initiated tithing in those areas,which accelerated the fast growth into a form of a political institution. The commanding structure of the Knight Templar was like that of the Monastics Order, which was designed by Bernard of Clairvaux, who was the the founder of Cistercian Order. They were above all the authorities,as declared by the Pope but under Pope. The Knights’ involvement in banking was not intentional, but it rather came due to their reputations in terms of the confidence that the public had on them. The confidence came from their trustworthiness and the respect of their military system, which was mighty and their financial soundness too. Their banking system just started from the point when they stared transporting money and supplies from Europe to Palestine, that later developed into a very efficient banking system which was incomparable to any other banking system that one could have thought of by that time. The Knights were characterized of being generous in defending Jerusalem and other holy lands, which in turn enabled them to gather a lot of wealth from these lands that came in as gifts from their thankful benefactors, from their activities of protecting their lands. They used to get more other wealth from those other orders who joined them,in the form of money and property. These sources of wealth enabled the Knights to have excess money that it used to invest and lend, in the process of honoring their vow of of poverty, given that they had taken oaths of fighting poverty. Other than these aforementioned sources of wealth, the Pope also used to grant the funds ans in this case,funds of huge sums. The cash which the Templars collected and had in reserve was normally kept in chapter houses and churches(temples), which created avenue for easy access to money for the lender that encouraged even the Spanish who were visiting the Holy land,Jerusalem to lend by the year 1135.The made easy   means of accessing cash by the pilgrims real enable  Ã‚   growth in the banking activities that the Knights involved in, and the banking system itself got favor from it not bringing complications within the order and the Church, which was a show of its political mighty. The Knights chose not to involve the church in the banking system to avoid complications, and specifically it did not involve the church directly in the building of the mortgaged assets. The banking system grew bigger and become more efficient, given that it took care   and understood the needs of the communities in which they were operating in, that made it so influential at the holy land and also in Europe. It is ways of operation and specifically with its banking system, drew the attention of other order from the Europe who were aspiring to solely take control of the money and the   banking sector after the Civil war. Their attention was drawn because the Templars were possessing a lot of holdings in areas covering   Europe and the Middle east and the island of Cyprus(Crystalinks website,2008). The formation of the Knight Templar   followed after the deliverance of Jerusalem (Knight Templar website,2008), when the Crusaders decided to to go back to their home in the process of honoring   their vow, although their was hostility from their Muslims neighbors residing in Palestine. The formation of the Knight Templar was initiated when there arose need for protecting the Christian community and they were accepted by Baldwin II in providing the services , after taking a vow of perpetual before the then Patriarch of Jerusalem and later assigned a part of his palace that as bordering with the temple of the city in Jerusalem,that followed the naming of them as the poor Knights of the Temple. They barely started being only nine in number of which they were unable to delver any of their intended services and especially the one for protecting the holy land and the Christian community and they were headed by Huges de Payend. In preparation to kick start their operations their leader,Huges traveled to the west in requesting   the acknowledgment by the church and also to recruit more other members. Knights never had a specified code of rules by then until they came to adapt the Rule of St. Benedict, which was later refined to Cistercians, and they also adapted the three vows of perpetual in addition to the crusaders’ vows , the rules of the church and the   rules of the dormitory. You read "Knight Templar" in category "Essay examples" The new recruits were expected to behave in accord   to the set rules within the Knight Templar   composed of four major categories consisted of the farmers,Knights, chaplains and Sergeants. In addition to their rules, the Knight Templars   also adapted the Red cross sign   from the Cistercians Rules. The establishment of Knights Templar was welcomed with a high spirits, to an extend that   even before they had shown their abilities, they received a lot of favor of every kind, where the preceding Popes safe guarded them by exempting them from all kinds of prosecutions, episcopal or secular. All the property owned by the Knights was free from tax and they did this by assimilating their property into church compounds, and they were exempted from paying the ecclesiastical tithes   and having their churches and   cemeteries interdicted. The special treat that was offered to these Knights later brought misunderstanding among the clergy men of the holy land debating on whether to wipe or not   wipe these favors, although this was never an issue to discuss in Rome as they were guaranteed these favors without question and the favors that they received from the Europe   were worth to make an impact. The Templars had representative in every state, in the name of commanderies, including France which had forty two commanderies and Palestine where grabbed wealth at the disadvantage of the Muslims. For example in the Palestine they had build major possessions like the Safed, Karak and the Castle of Pilgrim that was built in the year 1217 with an aim of defiling the coast of the sea. The character of the Knights was   indefinite ,with respect to the services that they provided. They were fierce in war and very humble in chapels without fear of death on protecting Christianity, and they were the first to attack not giving up easily, while keeping word from their leaders, although they were not very many by then(Veling Website). On the start of their prosperity, there were only 400 knights in Jerusalem, but composed of noble men who inspired the rest of the Christian community. They normally used to fight to the end without giving up,even if it means held as captives and   when held mostly by the Muslims in forcing them to deny Jesus Christ, on which they died keeping to their faith. Although they were not easily giving up,this situation and experiences scared more recruits   because it required more commitment just more than being recruited in the order,Knight Templar, because all that was expected from a new recruits was total obedience to the rules without compromise. They new recruits were normally put into test in, on testing their sincerity and keeping of secret, although later their was some kind of laxity in observing the rules caused by the great wealth they had acquired and also the greedy for poor. At the amid of its growth,the Knights Templar had 9000 estates   among other wealth holdings that were deposited in the temples at both Paris and London, including the deposits that were under custody received from the princes and individuals just because of their trustworthiness. On this order reaching a kind of an independent state it started extending assistance to the disadvantaged members of the society, that included the minorities and people with various disabilities. During the growth of this order, their happened to be another order by the name Hospitallers that was started in imitating the Knights and which later brought conflict between the two orders due to clashing activities and greed for power. The Hospitallers engaged in military just as the Knights which ignited rivalry between the two orders, but this rivalry was solved by uniting the two order, which was suggested by St. Louis in a council of Lyons in the year 1274, but the union was proposed to start in a new   form by Pope Nicholas II in the year 1293 (Templars UK Website,1996), on calling for consultations from Christian states. The troubles that led with the collapsing of the Knights Templar started from their denial to compensate the then king of France, Philip IV for his wars(New advent Website). The King had tried so many way in persuading the Knights to pay   including the proceeding Popes from the time of Pope Boniface VIII to Clement V, although Pope Clement V had agreed with King Philip IV but the Knights Declined. In revenge for decline of the Knights Templar,on October 13,1307,King Philip IV of France   arrested the Knights Templar in France and tortured them. The king later held the treasury of the Knights   and disbanded their money banking system, and it was perceived of him being jealousy of the Templars’ operations , more especially their wealth and power, which made him envy in controlling them alone. The act of King of France, Philip IV over the Knights sent a deterrence to other orders like the Hospitallers,the Rhodes and the Malta, which convinced them giving up the banking operations in some states like Jerusalem. This was a real break through in the collapse of the Knights Templar as the assets which were outside France were transferred to the ownership of Knights Hospitallers, which was a directive from the Pope and the survivors from the Knights Templar menace were admitted into their former rival Hospitallers. Pope Clement V commanded the dissolving of the Knight Templar. even though so many Kings in various states had not advocated for that, and for instance the king of Spain declined in giving in to the demands of Pope Clement V in transferring all the assets belonging Knights Templar to Hospitallers, although they were later transferred to another order by the Montesa. In Portugal, they only changed the name of the order and rather called it Order of Christ, which was led by Price Henry for 20 years before his death, while the King of Scot had disbanded the order of Knights Templar with different reasons. Conclusion. Knight   Templar is an organization that was formed in the the year 1112, with a membership of Nine members, with a sole aim of protecting Christianity and more especially the pilgrims to the holy land from the Europe from their   Muslim neighbors who were trying to deter the spread of Christianity. The nine members headed by Huges,   recruited more new members  Ã‚   and the recruitment was real fast because the order. Knight Templar was highly accepted within the church community, and later after having new recruits they adapted a set of rules which were designed by   Cistercians. Involuntary during their operations in providing military services, they found themselves with a very efficient banking system and this was triggered by their trustworthiness in winning the public confidence, and it started by them being left with precious goods by the crusaders,which later become as big as transmitting money and , building mortgaged property , acting as a custodian for the stored money and   also the lending of money in fulling their Vow of poverty. It grew bigger,extending to many states   including France,Spain and Scot. The fall of Knight Templar originated from their decline to compensate the then king of France,King Philip IV for the wars that he fought. He revenge by arresting the   Templars and seizing their Assets in France. On adding an injury to a wound, the the Pope, after the arrest of the Templars in France he gave a directive disbanding the Knights Templar organization, ans the transfer of their assets to another order by the name Hospitallers which was a rival order to Knights Templar, on their clash in their respective responsibilities as their operations were like a duplicate. Reference Luther J. ,2008 , Knight Templar, Retrieved May 9th,2008 From from the World Wide web;  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   www.crystalinks.com/templars1.html Drill M.,2008,Grand Encampment of Knight Templar;Retrieved May 9th,2008 From from the   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   World Wide web; www.knightstemplar.org/purpose1.html Charles M.,1912, The Knights Templars;New Advent Website  Ã‚   ,Retrieved May 9th,2008 From   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   from the World Wide web;  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   www.newadvent.org/cathen/14493a.htm Simon F.,2008,The Grand priority of Knights Templars in UK and Wales.,Retrieved May   Ã‚  Ã‚   9th,2008   From from the   World Wide web;   www.templars.org.uk/ Vatican II,1996, Knights Templar,Retrieved May 9th,2008 From from the World Wide web;  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     www.veling.nl/anne/templars/ How to cite Knight Templar, Essay examples

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

Introduction To Marketing free essay sample

It depends on costs Of production, segment targeted, ability of the market to pay, supply demand and a host of other direct and indirect factors. There can be several types of pricing strategies, each tied in with an overall business plan. Pricing can also be used a demarcation, to differentiate and enhance the image of a product. Product: refers to the item actually being sold. The product must deliver a minimum level of performance; otherwise even the best work on the other elements of the marketing mix wont do any good. Place: refers to the point f sale. In every industry, catching the eye of the consumer and making it easy for her to buy it is the main aim of a good distribution or place strategy. Retailers pay a premium for the right location. In fact, the mantra of a successful retail business is location, location, location. Promotion: this refers to all the activities undertaken to make the product or service known to the user and trade. We will write a custom essay sample on Introduction To Marketing or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This can include advertising, word of mouth, press reports, incentives, commissions and awards to the trade. It can also include consumer schemes, direct marketing, contests and prizes.Literature Review. APPLE PRODUCT GROWTH AND VALUATION. Apples 1997 Think Different marketing campaign was one of its most memorable ever. Billboards and banners featured huge black-and-white portraits of performers, artists, scientists, and political leaders whose outsider ideas eventually became mainstream. The implicit message was that Apples insanely great products were for quirky rebels who would one day dominate the world. The photo of Steve Jobs on the cover of his posthumous biography would have fit right in.The Apple of today is turning its back on that creative class. Apple no longer signs for creators of digital media, who tend to be very demanding about product quality. Instead, Apple builds for consumers-?in both senses of the word: people who spend their own money, rather than their companies, and people who consume digital media, as opposed to people who produce it Focusing on digital consumption has made Apple wildly profitable, but the companys products have trended downwards in quality, flexibility, and even reliability.Apple appears to be suffering from growing pains. The company-?which declined to comment for this article-?seems increasingly overwhelmed by the did range of products and services that it has created, and is responding (quite logically) by spending significantly less effort on items that appeal to a shrinking percentage of its customer base-?a group that unfortunately includes digital creators. The danger is that by focusing On consumption, rather than production, Apple will jeopardize the very essence that first made its products insanely.Apples Strategic Profile Value Culture vs.. Cost Culture In my view, Apples good and ba d sides both emanate from the same business philosophy: adroit exploitation of market power for the sole benefit f the company and its investors. This model does not consider what is fair but what is competitively achievable in higher prices for products sold and lower costs for products made. Value Culture: When it comes to customers, Apple applies the notion value, i. E. , a pricing strategy that is driven by its focus on the value-?real and perceived-?to its customers.The customer is willing to pay a price that is equal to the products perceived value to the customer. Hence, as long as the customers are satisfied, Apple is under no obligation to reduce its prices. SHORT ANALYSIS: SOOT: stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. It is a way of Summarizing the current state of a company and helping to devise a plan for the future,One that employs the existing strengths redresses existing weaknesses, superconductivitys and defends against threats.

Friday, March 20, 2020

The Battle For The Cherokees Land essays

The Battle For The Cherokees Land essays (Rough Draft on History of Cherokee Indians) On August 23rd, 1838, the first of thirteen parties of Cherokee Indians began their forced march to the west, toward the land that was designated as Indian Territory. The forced removal of the Indians began as early as the first day the Pilgrims arrived in the New World. As the population of whites grew, so did the need for land; this began the removal of the Cherokees. There were as many people in favor of the removal of the Indians as those opposed. This paper will examine each side and present a discussion of the decisions made. Andrew Jackson became president of the United States in the year of 1829. His view was that the Native Americans should be removed from the land on which they lived to make room for the new white settlers. The Cherokees lifestyle before the first settlement arrived was one of peace. They were divided into three major groups: the Lower Towns, along the upper Savannah River in South Carolina, the Middle Towns along the Little Tennessee River and in western North Carolina, and the Overhill towns in eastern Tennessee and extreme western North Carolina (120, Chapter 6). Women were very active in helping with farm duties such as planting and gathering crops, while the men hunted and caught fish. The Cherokees built their towns around extended families and lands were passed down on the mothers side. There were no leaders, save for the older adults who led by example. The Cherokee women were allowed to voice their opinion in town matters. The Cherokees government was more advanced in democracy as this point in history than some European societies. This soon would change. Upon their arrival in the New Land, the Europeans brought with them the diseases of measles and smallpox; to which the Cherokee had no immunity. The European goods were things the Indians could trade for, such as fabrics, tools, firearms and alcohol. Unfortunately, in ...

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Writing Prompts 101

Writing Prompts 101 Writing Prompts 101 Writing Prompts 101 By Simon Kewin Even if you are not a professional writer you probably already heard about writing prompts. They represent a very effective tool for any writing project, so its a good idea to know how to use them. What Is A Writing Prompt? If you’re a fiction writer, you may want to consider using writing prompts to kick-start your creativity. A writing prompt is simply a topic around which you start jotting down ideas. The prompt could be a single word, a short phrase, a complete paragraph or even a picture, with the idea being to give you something to focus upon as you write. You may stick very closely to the original prompt or you may wander off at a tangent. You may just come up with rough, disjointed notes or you may end up with something more polished and complete, a scene or even a complete story. The point is to simply start writing without being held back by any inhibitions or doubts. Here are four good reasons for writing to prompts : Sometimes it’s hard to start writing when faced with a blank page. Focusing on an unrelated prompt for a while helps get the creative juices flowing. If you write for just ten minutes on a prompt, you should then find it easier to return to the piece you intended to write. You may also find that if you stop trying to think so hard about what you wanted to write and switch you attention to the prompt instead, the words and ideas for your original piece start to come to you after all. The things you write in response to a prompt may also end up as worthwhile material in their own right. The prompt may give you ideas from which a complete story grows or you may get fresh ideas for another piece you are already working on. It’s often surprising how much material you come up with once you start. Writing to a prompt regularly helps to get you into the habit of writing. This can act as a sort of exercise regime, helping to build up your â€Å"muscles† so that you start to find it easier and easier to write for longer and longer. Prompts can be a great way to get involved in a writing community. Sometimes writing groups offer a prompt for everyone to write about, with the intention being for everyone to come up with something they can then share. This can be a source of great encouragement, although knowing that others will read what you have written can also inhibit your creativity. Examples of Writing Prompts The following are twenty writing prompts that you could use to spark your imagination. If you want to use one, don’t worry about where the ideas take you or whether what you’ve written is â€Å"good†. The point is just to get into the flow of writing. You can come back later and polish if you wish to. It was the first snowfall of the year. He hadn’t seen her since the day they left High School. The city burned, fire lighting up the night sky. Silk. She studied her face in the mirror. The smell of freshly-cut grass. They came back every year to lay flowers at the spot. The streets were deserted. Where was everyone? Where had they all gone? This time her boss had gone too far. Red eyes. Stars blazed in the night sky. He woke to birdsong. ‘Shh! Hear that?’ ‘I didn’t hear anything.’ He’d always hated speaking in public. She woke, shivering, in the dark of the night. The garden was overgrown now. He’d never noticed a door there before. She’d have to hitch a ride home. ‘I told him not to come back too!’ His feet were already numb. He should have listened. Where To Find Writing Prompts Online The internet is a wonderful source of writing prompts. There are sites dedicated to providing them which a quick search will turn up. Examples include : CreativeWritingPrompts.com WritersDigest.com Creative-Writing-Solutions.com Perhaps even more valuable are the lists compiled by authors and websites. Here are some suggestions: 200+ Writing Prompts to Inspire You There are numerous blogs that offer a regular writing prompt to inspire you and where you can, if you wish, post what you’ve written. Examples include : SundayScribblings.blogspot.com DragonWritingPrompts.blogspot.com There are also many other sites that can, inadvertently, provide a rich seam of material for writing prompts – for example news sites with their intriguing headlines or pictorial sites such as Flickr.com that give you access to a vast range of photographs that can prompt your writing. If you’re on Twitter, there are users you can follow to receive a stream of prompts, for example : twitter.com/writingprompt twitter.com/NoTelling twitter.com/writingink Another idea is just to keep an eye on all the tweets being written by people all over the world, some of which can, inadvertently, be used as writing prompts. How To Make Your Own Writing Prompts You can find ideas for writing prompts of your own from all sorts of places : snatches of overheard conversation, headlines, signs, words picked from a book and so on. Get used to keeping an eye out for words and phrases that fire your imagination, jot them down and use them as writing prompts to spark your creativity. You never know where they might take you. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Writing Basics category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:50 Incorrect Pronunciations That You Should AvoidHow to Punctuate with â€Å"However†Capitalizing Titles of People and Groups

Monday, February 17, 2020

Economic Report Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Economic Report - Essay Example Presidents’ economic performance based on the real Gross Domestic Products The two presidential terms, the first term of president Barrack Obama and the last term of President George W. Bush were characterized by the worst economic performance since World War II. The real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew by only 4% during the second term of President George W. Bush’s tenure, which was the weakest since World War II. During the first term of Obama’s tenure, the real GDP grew by 5.9%, the second weakest since World War II. According to NBER (National Bureau of economic research), the most recent recession began in 2007 and ended in 2009. NBER states that economic recession starts when growth is at the peak, and then the nation begins to experience slow economic activity. A recession comes to an end and economic expansion begins after the economic activities hit the economic trough and start to grow again. It can be concluded that the most recent economic growth wa s lowest during the last term of George W. Bush and started to peak during Barrack Obama’s first term. ... W. Bush, and through superb economic policies, he managed to transform it into a surplus of 2.4% of the GDP in 2000. In addition, federal spending dropped from 22% of GDP in 1992 to 18.4% in 2000. It can be concluded that during Clinton’s era, the economy experienced the highest growth of GDP at 14% due to sound economic policies, low interest rates, and reduced spending that resulted in a relatively low deficient rate. However, some critics state that Bill Clinton’s economic policies encouraged subprime lending, housing bubble, and economic boom, which were instrumental in starting the great recession (Tanzi 58). George H. W. Bush can be remembered for spurring the economy that buoyed Clinton’s economic prosperity. He inherited from Reagan an economy that had started to enter the recession phase after experiencing a considerable economic prosperity. During his era, the GDP grew by 8.8%, which was a bit higher than those posted by Barrack Obama and George W. Bush . Although his presidency was marked by excessive spending on wars, such as the Gulf War, he managed to contain inflation and provided a good economic pathway for the prosperity of the economy during Bill Clinton’s era (Grabowski, Self, and Shields 71). Presidents’ economic performance based on civilian unemployment rate The United States of America has experienced eleven recessions since 1948. The federal and state governments have applied several measures to combat recession and minimize civilian unemployment through tax cuts and stimulus spending. In the early 1980s, the economy endured a recession, and the rate of unemployment was at double digits. The main reason was that the federal government was trying to minimize the inflation that was affecting